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【独家】国际可再生能源机构(IRENA)最新报告:全球可再生能源领域岗位达980万个
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  可再生能源领域比石化燃料技术领域在全球创造出更多就业机会。

  近日,国际可再生能源机构(IRENA)召开第十三次理事会议,其间发布了《2017年度回顾:可再生能源与就业》,针对可再生能源领域的最新就业数据以及影响可再生能源领域劳动力市场的相关因素等内容进行了阐述。这项最新发布的报告表明:2016年,全球可再生能源领域雇佣员工为980万人。

  “自2012年世界可再生能源机构进行初次评估以来,劳动力成本下降,各种政策不断推行,这些都促使世界范围内可再生能源领域的投资和就业出现了稳步增长。” IRENA国际总干事阿德南·Z·阿铭指出,“2012年,这一领域的就业人数仅为500万人,在过去4年里,单是太阳能和风能领域的就业人数就增加了一倍。”

  “因为创造就业率被公认为是全球能源转型的核心组成部分,所以可再生能源可为更为广泛的社会经济目标提供支持。随着可再生能源的规模继续扩大,我们预计2030年在可再生能源领域的就业人数将达到2400万人,这不仅可以抵消石化燃料领域的失业率,还能成为世界上的主要经济驱动力量。”阿铭补充说。

  根据这份年度回顾,2016年,刨除大型水电场之外的全球可再生能源就业已达到830万人。如果算上大型水电场的直接就业,全球可再生能源领域就业总量就攀升至980万人。中国、巴西、美国、印度、日本和德国在可再生能源就业方面拔得头筹。以中国为例,2016年,有364万人就职于可再生能源领域,增长了3.4%。

  IRENA的报告显示,太阳能光伏(PV)行业是2016年的最大的雇主,提供了310万个工作岗位,比2015年增长了12%,主要集中在中国、美国和印度。在美国,太阳能行业的就业率是整体经济增长的17倍,比上一年增长了24.5%,提供了26万多个岗位。新装机的风力发电设备为全球风能领域贡献了7%的新增就业率,增至120万个就业岗位。同时,巴西、中国、美国和印度还被证明是重要的生物能源就业市场,其中,生物燃料领域提供了170万人的就业岗位,生物质领域提供了70万个,沼气领域提供了30万个。

  “IRENA今年提供的在可再生能源领域就业情况更加完善,包含了大型水电领域的数据。由此额外新增的150万个岗位非常重要,因为他们代表了最大的可再生能源技术的装机容量,” IRENA知识政策与金融部门的副主任拉比亚·菲洛克伊博士如是说。

 

  报告发现,在全球范围内,62%的就业岗位都在亚洲。安装与制造岗位的重心在各地区之间不断转换,特别是马来西亚和泰国两国,已经成为全球太阳能光伏的制造中心。

  在非洲,公用事业规模的可再生能源发展已经取得了长足的进步,南非和北非在非洲大陆的可再生能源领域6.2万个就业机会中,占据了四分之三。

  “一些非洲国家拥有恰当的资源和基础设施,我们看到在公共事业规模的项目中增加了许多制造与安装岗位的就业机会。对于非洲大陆的大部分地区而言,分布式可再生能源,如离网太阳能,可以带来能源的接入和经济的发展。这些离网小型电网解决方案使各个社区有机会跨越传统的电力基础设施发展模式,创造出更多新的就业机会,” 菲洛克伊博士指出。(本文系中国环保网www.chinaenvironment.com 高晶 独家编译报道,如需转载,请注明出处)



原文:Renewable Energy Employs 9.8 million People Worldwide, New IRENA Report Finds


  Global energy system creating more jobs in renewables than in fossil-fuel technologies


  More than 9.8 million people were employed in the renewable energy sector in 2016, according to a new report from the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA). Renewable Energy and Jobs – Annual Review 2017, released at IRENA’s 13th Council meeting, provides the latest employment figures of the renewable energy sector and insight into the factors affecting the renewable labour market.

  “Falling costs and enabling policies have steadily driven up investment and employment in renewable energy worldwide since IRENA’s first annual assessment in 2012, when just over five million people were working in the sector,” said IRENA Director-General Adnan Z. Amin. “In the last four years, for instance, the number of jobs in the solar and wind sectors combined has more than doubled.

  “Renewables are directly supporting broader socio-economic objectives, with employment creation increasingly recognised as a central component of the global energy transition. As the scales continue to tip in favour of renewables, we expect that the number of people working in the renewables sector could reach 24 million by 2030, more than offsetting fossil-fuel job losses and becoming a major economic driver around the world,” Mr. Amin added.

  The Annual review shows that global renewable-energy employment, excluding large hydropower, reached 8.3 million in 2016. When accounting for direct employment in large hydropower, the total number of renewable-energy jobs globally climbs to 9.8 million. China, Brazil, the United States, India, Japan and Germany accounted for most of the renewable-energy jobs. In China for example, 3.64 million people worked in renewables in 2016, a rise of 3.4 per cent.

  IRENA’s report shows that solar photovoltaic (PV) was the largest employer in 2016, with 3.1 million jobs — up 12 per cent from 2015 — mainly in China, the United States and India. In the United States, jobs in the solar industry increased 17 times faster than the overall economy, growing 24.5 per cent from the previous year to over 260,000. New wind installations contributed to a 7 per cent increase in global wind employment, raising it up to 1.2 million jobs. Brazil, China, the United States and India also proved to be key bioenergy job markets, with biofuels accounting for 1.7 million jobs, biomass 0.7 million, and biogas 0.3 million.

  “IRENA has provided this year a more complete picture on the state of employment in the renewables sector, by including large hydropower data. It is important to recognise these additional 1.5 million working people, as they represent the largest renewable energy technology by installed capacity,” said Dr. Rabia Ferroukhi, Head of IRENA’s Policy Unit and Deputy Director of Knowledge, Policy and Finance.

  The report finds that globally, 62 per cent of the jobs are located in Asia. Installation and manufacturing jobs continue to shift to the region, particularly Malaysia and Thailand, which has become global centre for solar PV fabrication.

  In Africa, utility-scale renewable energy developments have made great strides, with South Africa and North Africa accounting for three-quarters of the continent’s 62,000 renewable jobs.

  “In some African countries, with the right resources and infrastructure, we are seeing jobs emerge in manufacturing and installation for utility-scale projects. For much of the continent however, distributed renewables, like off-grid solar, are bringing energy access and economic development. These off-grid mini-grid solutions are giving communities the chance to leap-frog traditional electricity infrastructure development and create new jobs in the process,” Dr. Ferroukhi said.




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